For more information on the implementation of the U.S.-Mexico-Canada Agreement (USMCA) and the USMCA Center, visit the USMCA (FTA). Preferential trade agreements facilitate trade and investment between Member States. In order to encourage, reduce or eliminate EPAs in trade, trade barriers, such as import tariffs (taxes imposed by countries on foreign products), trade restrictions on services and other trade rules that impede trade flows. In addition, ATPs facilitate investment between Member States by relaxing foreign investment rules and improving legal protection for foreign investors. But not everyone benefits from commercial expansion. Although increased trade is unlikely to have a significant impact on total employment, trade can affect different workers in different ways. Workers in occupations, businesses and sectors that develop as a result of trade can earn more money, while workers in shrinking occupations, businesses and sectors may earn less money or experience above-average unemployment. These losses may be temporary or permanent. Nevertheless, economic and historical data indicate that the long-term and diffuse benefits of international trade outweigh the concentration of short-term costs. This conclusion has always been strongly supported by economic promotion.
Starting with the Theodore Roosevelt government, the United States has become an important player in international trade, particularly with its neighboring territories in the Caribbean and Latin America. Today, the United States has become a leader in the free trade movement and supports groups such as the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade (later the World Trade Organization). [Citation required] A preferential trade zone (including preferential trade agreements, PTA) is a trading bloc that offers preferential access to certain products from participating countries. This requires a reduction in tariffs, but not in their total abolition. A ZEP can be implemented through a trade pact. This is the first step in economic integration. The border between a EPZ and a Free Trade Area (EEA) can be blurred, as almost all ATPs have the main objective of becoming a free trade agreement in accordance with the General Agreement on Tariffs and Trade.